Amazing Bible Facts And Statistics
The system of chapters was introduced in A.D. 1238 by Cardinal Hugo de S. Caro, while the verse notations were added in 1551 by Robertus Stephanus, after the advent of printing.
A Bible in the University of Gottingen is written on 2,470 palm leaves.
According to statistics from Wycliffe International, the Society of Gideons, and the International Bible Society, the number of new Bibles that are sold, given away, or otherwise distributed in the United States is about 168,000 per day.
The Bible can be read aloud in 70 hours.
There are 8,674 different Hebrew words in the Bible, 5,624 different Greek words, and 12,143 different English words in the King James Version.
A number of verses in the Bible (KJV) contain all but 1 letter of the alphabet: Ezra 7:21 contains all but the letter j; Joshua 7:24, 1st Kings 1:9, 1st Chronicles 12:40, 2nd Chronicles 36:10, Ezekiel 28:13, Daniel 4:37, and Haggai 1:1 contain all but q; 2 Kings 16:15 and 1st Chronicles 4:10 contain all but z; and Galatians 1:14 contains all but k.
Number of books in the Bible: 66
Number of promises given in the Bible: 1,260
Predictions: over 8,000
Fulfilled prophecy: 3,268 verses
Unfulfilled prophecy: 3,140
Number of questions: 3,294
Longest name: Mahershalalhashbaz (Isaiah 8:1)
Longest verse: Esther 8:9 (78 words)
Shortest verse: John 11:35 (2 words: "Jesus wept").
Middle books: Micah and Nahum
Middle verse: Psalm 118:8
Middle chapter: Psalm 117
Shortest chapter (by number of words): Psalm 117 (by number of words)
Longest book: Psalms (150 chapters)
Shortest book (by number of words): 3 John
Longest chapter: Psalm 119 (176 verses)
Number of times the word "God" appears: 3,358
Number of times the word "Lord" appears: 7,736
Number of different authors: 40
Number of languages the Bible has been translated into: over 1,200
OLD TESTAMENT STATISTICS:
Number of books: 39
Middle book: Proverbs
Middle chapter: Job 20
Middle verses: 2 Chronicles 20:17,18
Smallest book: Obadiah
Shortest verse: 1 Chronicles 1:25
Longest verse: Esther 8:9
Longest chapter: Psalms 119
Largest book: Psalms
NEW TESTAMENT STATISTICS:
Number of books: 27
Middle book: 2 Thessalonians
Middle chapters: Romans 8, 9
Middle verse: Acts 27:17
Smallest book: 3 John
Shortest verse: John 11:35
Longest verse: Revelation 20:4
Longest chapter: Luke 1
Largest book: Luke
The Fourth Word of the Bible
Anyone who has studied the Bible knows that it is a long, continuous story with a common thread throughout. It is saturated with symbolism from the beginning to the end to help the reader understand the central point and purpose, which is of courseChrist.
In the last book of the Bible, The Revelation, Christ calls himself by a certain symbolic name multiple times. He calls Himself "The Alpha and the Omega". Alpha and Omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabetthe language the majority of the New Testament was written in.
Speaking of Himself, Christ says:
" "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End," says the Lord, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty." "
Note that Christ equates Himself with, "the Almighty".
In giving instructions to John (the physical writer of the book), Christ again identifies Himself by saying:
"I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last."
When John falls at the feet of Christ in the vision of Revelation, Christ responds in the same way.
"And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, "Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last. I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore." "
In speaking to what is called "The Persecuted Church", Christ identifies Himself by saying:
"These things says the First and the Last, who was dead and came to life..."
In speaking to what is called "The Lukewarm Church", Christ identifies Himself by saying:
"These things says the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God..."
Note that "Amen" means complete, fulfilled, and also implies "the end".
Finally, Christ makes the last reference to Himself by repeating the concept three times by saying:
"I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last."
This brings us to the fourth word of the Bible.
|Figure 1. The first few words of the Bible as printed in the Interlinear Bible showing Hebrew, English, and the number which corresponds to Strong's Bible Dictionary. The fourth word is highlighted (remember to read from right to left).|
The fourth word of the Bible is not translated because its meaning is not traditionally known. If you search a Bible dictionary, there is no definition associated with this word. Most Bible teachers are not aware this word even exists.
This word is simply a two-letter sequence containing the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet, which are Aleph (aw'-lef) and Tav (tawv) (see Figure 1). It is located next to the word "God". Note that there is no Strong's Bible Dictionary number associated with it.
Christ calls Himself the "Alpha", "Omega", "First", "Last", "Beginning", "End", and this mysterious word underscores this idea by stating it in Hebrew. He is the "Aleph" and the "Tav", the "First" and the "Last" letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
It's also interesting to note that the number 4 is always associated with the creative works of God in the Bible (E. W. Bullinger, "Number In Scripture"). This mysterious word happens to be the fourth word in the Bible, and this sentence is speaking specifically of the creative works of God.
In the fourth gospel (The Gospel of John), Christ is described as "The Word".
"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him, nothing was made that was made."
Because the entire Bible ("The Word") is representative of Christ, it's interesting to note that the wordage concerning the "First" and the "Last" occurs in the books of Genesis and Revelation; the first and last books of "The Word".
You may also notice that the previous scripturethe fourth gospeldemonstrates Christ's association with creation.
Another intriguing point is that the first letter, Aleph occurs four 4 times within the first 4 words of the Bible (see Figure 2).
- It occurs as the center or middle letter in the first word (in the beginning),
- the last letter in the second word (created),
- the first letter in the third word (God),
- and of course, the first letter in the fourth word.
|Figure 2. The first few words of the Bible highlighting the Hebrew letter Aleph which occurs four times in the first four words.|
The study of Bible numbers is deep and compelling. You may be interested to know that the number 3 is associated with God and his divine perfection or completeness. Perhaps it's significant that the word "God" is the third word in the Bible.
As an aside, you will notice that the book of Genesis is named after the English translation of the first word of the book.
|Figure 3. The name of the book of Genesis is the same as the English translation of the first word in the book.|
Hezekiah's tunnel was dug in the reign of Hezekiah, king of Judea, about 701 B.C.E. It was hewn in bedrock for over half a kilometer, about 40 meters beneath Ophel (the city of David) in Jerusalem, between the Gihon spring and the pool of Shiloah or Siloam. Its purpose was to deny water to the Assyrian army under Sennacharib, that was expected to lay siege to Jerusalem and to provide a water source to Jerusalem during the siege. It is a winding tunnel 533m in length, and has approximately a 0.6% gradient, causing water to flow along its length from the spring to the pool. The tunnel was discovered by the American biblical archeologist Edward Robinson in 1838 and explored by Warren and others.
Dating of Hezekiah's Tunnel
The dating of the tunnel has been disputed, particularly by anti-Zionists, who insisted that the tunnel was built at a much later date, and that the Jewish people did not have a sovereign kingdom in Jerusalem. However, radiometric measurements by Amos Frumkin of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and his colleagues, reported in Nature vol 425, p 169, 2003 and summarized in New Scientist, proved rather conclusively that plant life disrupted by the tunnel (by C-14 dating) and stalactites and stalagmites that grew after completion of the tunnel (by uranium-thorium dating) originated about 700 BC.
Hezekiah's Tunnel Inscription
An inscription in the tunnel in ancient Hebrew script explains that two teams, began at opposite ends and dug toward each other in the bedrock, and met. The script corresponds to ancient Hebrew script of this period, and is therefore additional proof of the dating of the tunnel. Below is an enhanced photo of the inscription, and beneath it is a transcription into modern Hebrew lettering.
The translation of the inscription is as follows: (ellipses indicate missing text)
... the tunnel ... and this is the story [the thing - "dvar"] of the tunnel while ... the axes were against each other and while three cubits [were left] to cut? ...the voice of a man ... called to his fellow, for there was a through-passage ["Zedah"] in the rock, from the right ... and on the day of the tunnel [being finished] the tone hewers struck [literally "hit"] each man towards his fellow, ax against [literally: "on"] ax, and the water went from the source to the pool for two hundred and a thousand cubits. and one hundred (?) cubits was the height over the head of the stone hewers.
The inscription was not at the center of the tunnel, but near one end, and it was missed by Robinson and Warren and others. It was found by a local Arab youth about 1880 and was apparently removed for pillage, being damaged in the process. British authorities recovered it and it is now in the Istanbul Museum.
Biblical Authority for Hezekiah's Tunnel
The tunnel of Hezekiah is mentioned in the book of Kings and in the book of Chronicles:
2 KINGS 20:20 And the rest of the of Hezekiah, and all his might, and how he made a pool, and a conduit, and brought water into the city, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
2 Chronicles 32:2-4 And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem, He took counsel with his princes and his mighty men to stop the waters of the fountains which were without the city: and they did help him. So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?
2 Chronicles 32:30 This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
The Engineering of Hezekiah's Tunnel
The tunnel was built without recourse to intermediate shafts dug from the surface to determine the course of the dig, a method used in constructing other ancient tunnels. It follows a very winding path - over 500 meters, whereas a straight-line tunnel would have been about 300 meters long. There are several "blind alleys" - false starts - where the tunnel was apparently dug in the wrong direction, as well as the right angle near the center where the two teams of stone hewers met, as recorded in the inscription. The winding course suggests that the hewers followed a natural karst, a channel cut by water in the limestone.
At least one other channel, a ditch about 6 meters below the surface and covered with stone slabs, has been discovered leading from Shiloah to Gihon. It dates from about 1800 B.C. and was apparently guarded by towers. This channel could have been discovered fairly easy by an invader and apparently did not take all the waters of Gihon, giving the besieging forces a water supply.
Political Significance of Hezekiah's Tunnel
Ever since the 19th century, a school of biblical archeology and philology has tried to prove that the Old Testament is a relatively late work, and that the events it describes, including those detailed in the books of Kings and Chronicles, are not necessarily historical. Subsequent scholarship and archeology has tended to disprove these notions. However, physical evidence for Jewish presence in the land of Israel and particularly in Judea in the period of First Temple is relatively scarce. Most of the promising archeological sites are inaccessible for political or religious reasons, or because they are under densely inhabited areas. The Temple Mount itself was probably ruined for archeological research by extensive excavations of the Muslim Waqf, who have been building a large mosque beneath the Haram as Sharif (Temple Mount) area and carelessly removing "debris" by the truckload, including with archeological findings.
The attempt to discredit the Old Testament accounts and Jewish tradition received new impetus and political significance when the Palestinian Authority came into being under the Palestinian Authority, created as a result of the Oslo accords. The Mufti of Jerusalem, Ikrema Sabri, announced on more than one occasion that there was no evidence for Jewish presence in Jerusalem in ancient times, and Palestinian academics publish works that describe the entire tradition as "myths." The age of the Hezekiah tunnel was accordingly doubted and assigned by some to the Second Temple period, even though the script of the inscription is similar to that of older inscriptions of the time of Hezekiah. The double radiometric dating of the tunnel itself should be sufficient to convince reasonable authorities of the antiquity of the tunnel and of Jewish presence in Jerusalem during the period of the First Temple. It also vindicates the account in the book of Chronicles, and provides evidence that at least the chronicles were historical annals of the kings of Judea, supporting the claim that the ancient kingdoms of David and Solomon were historical fact.
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